TCF112/Russian Formalism

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Russian Revolution

  • 1917: Socialist/Marxist revolution
    • Overthrew czarist government
    • Great experimentation in the arts
  • 1934: Josef Stalin, Socialist Realism

Russian Formalism

  • Literary criticism: original source of formalism
    • Viktor Shklovsky
      • "Art as Technique"
        1. Literature's essence
        2. Make familiar seem strange
          • Ostranenie

Russian Filmmakers Influenced by Formalism

  • Lev Kuleshov
    • Friend of Shklovsky's
    • 1st film theorist

Created first film school